Gary Werner/Jesse Werner
Certified Farriers


What is a Farrier?

About Gary Werner

My Services

About Hooves and Horses

Case Studies

Fun Pictures

Case Studies
These are examples of work I have performed.

When you say it about yourself, it's bragging. When a picture shows it, it's proof.

Barefoot Trimming Compromised Hooves - 1 Compromised Hooves - 2
Compromised Hooves - 3 Repaired Hooves Repaired Hooves - 2
Long Toe Easywalker Horseshoes Soundhorse Technology
Hospital Plate Heart Bar Horseshoe Z - Bar Horseshoe
Street Worn &
Neglected Hooves
Thoroughbred Racehorse
Ibex Synthetic Horseshoe Driving Horse Jameg Nylon Horseshoe
Club Foot Heel Pain White Line Disease
Winter Turnout Popped/Capped Knee Shod Short
Shoeless Thoroughbred Coon Foot Cracked Shoe
Neglect Stoned Reversed Natural Balance Shoe
Reversed Shoe Lateral Extension Theraputic Acrylic Repair
Poorly Shod Ultimate Challenge Unmanageable Belgian Draft

Barefoot Trimming

Horses are normally scheduled for Farrier services every 6 - 8 weeks. The duration of visits vary depending on the needs of each horse. Lack of attentive Farrier care will lead to distortion of the hoof wall. These photos show hooves before and after one visit. Have your horse's hooves maintained by a professional farrier.

This hoof had chipping and cracks. It was trimmed and rebalanced.

Veteranarian Referral

Draft Horse

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Forget-Me-Not Pony
This horse had significant difficulty moving. Excessive hoof length created interference in the hooves clearing the ground. Movement was very animated and painful.

I trimmed all hooves and reestablished proper hoof angle axis. All gaits returned to normal and the comfort level was immediately increased.

Compromised Hooves - 1
This was a horse used for jumping. This cracking was a result of deterioration caused by the horse being turned out continuously in a muddy paddock. The hoof was severely over-hydrated causing stress and weakened hoof tubules. The horse could not withstand the repetitive forces of jumping.

I removed the deteriorated section of the hoof wall, exposing the healthy part of the hoof wall. I then applied Equilox acrylic-impregnated nylon fabric to reconstruct the hoof to its normal contour. The horse was shod successfully and competed in the Hampton Classic.

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Compromised Hooves - 2
This horse lands heel first with uneven distribution of the impact forces. The underlying digital cushon and lateral cartlidge are not being fully utilized and the impact forces are being absorbed by the remaining portion of the hoof.

Once the missing section was rebuilt, there was even weight distribution on the hoof and the horse was able to move freely through various gaits. Equilox was applied to the hoof as a repair material.

Training accident, veteranarian referral. Lateral wall was deminished.

Once dressed, shoe affixed and linen placed on sensitive structure of hoof wall.

Jesse rebuilding and replacing deficit.

Completed and sound.

Vertical Crack

Vertical crack repaired with composite cloth glued with wire vertical guides. Drilled and laced.

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Hoof Wall Crack

This was a horizontal crack which is unusual because cracks are mostly vertical. It was probably caused by long hooves submerged in a muddy wet paddock. It was additionally stressed by riding on hard ground and infrequent hoof maintenance.

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Compromised Hooves - 3
This was a very expensive jumper accompanied by very bad shoeing manners. This horse was significantly lame and not rideable. There was a long toe, low-heeled hoof, weight bearing on the sole side.

In the top left figure, 'A' indicates where the shoe is presently fitted to the underrun heel. 'B' is where the foot actually terminates. Between 'A' and 'B', the hoof drops off without support. 'C' is a Broken Back axis. The toe angle is lower than the pastern angle.

The existing pad does not support the hoof wall but rather crushes it and compresses the hoof's tubules. Also, the existing acrylic repair will only mask the crack and harbor bacteria.

The remedy was to retrim the hoof over a period of three shoeings. This will re-distribute the weight across the entire hoof more evenly. The crack was stabilized by cleaning out the damaged material. I glued on a horizontal nylon patch with Equilox across the crack.

This horse was sound after the last shoeing and has resumed jumping.

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Repaired Hooves

This was a former racehorse, presently used for general riding and jumping. The right front foot (top photos) is club-footed and the front hoof wall and heel height is steeper than opposite foot. The missing section of the hoof wall was repaired with composite material shredded fiberglass) and Equilox as an adhesive.

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Repaired Hooves 2

This horse was barefoot and used for jumping. The hooves could not endure repetitive jumping without the hoof deteriorating. He was shod with a wide web shoe and the hoof was repaired with Equilox acrylic and Nylon strands.

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Long Toe

This horse had numerous bouts of laminitis and had necrotic tissue at the toe. During previous care, the pad was mistakenly placed in front of the toe to protect the hoof wall from fracture. This treatment caused the long toe condition to worsen. The long toe created resistance for breakover and caused stretching of laminae tissue at the toe and crushing of the heels. He was very lame.

This was remedied by removing the necrotic tissue at the toe and setting the shoe farther back toward the heel, ensuring the shoe covered the complete circumference of the foot. The outcome was a very sound, very comfortable and a rideable horse.

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Easywalker Horseshoes

The Easywalker horseshoe top left) is a synthetic, shock absorbing horseshoe. If you look at the hoof in the upper right photo, you will see the outside wall is straight while the inside is curved. The forces placed on the asymetrical platform in the hoof caused a mild coffin bone fracture.

The horse was shod with the outside portion of the shoe fit fuller toward the injured side of the hoof (lower left photo), offering protection and support. The extension was filled with Equilox resin/nylon fabric composite. The weight is now evenly distributed on the hoof.

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Soundhorse Technology Horseshoes

This horse was lame on the right-front hoof and x-rays revealed slight bone changes. The right-front hoof was also club-footed. It appeared that this hoof was too small to bear the horses weight and ground forces.

I chose to use the Soundhorse Technology horseshoe because I needed a non-invasive shoe attachment. It uses a two-part fabric material which is bonded to the hoof with Equilox adhesive. This shoe also features a urethane rimpad which dampens and soften ground reactive forces.

This is a thoroughbred. The quality of both hooves was very poor and at the point of deterioration. Both hooves were sore and lameness was pronounced. The horse was reluctant to move forward. The white hoof is club footed and one size smaller than the black hoof which is asymetrical, flat and thinly soled.

I shod both hooves, each with a different size shoe using colored adhesive to match the hoof color. There was a profound restoration of soundness as soon as the shoes were glued on.

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Hospital Plate

This horse had a brittle hoof due to dehydration and a significantly bruised sole.

The sole needed daily repacking with medication. I fabricated an aluminum, removeable hospital plate with a soft leather rim pad

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Heart Bar Horseshoe

This type of shoe is used when additional protection of the back (caudal) section of the hoof is required. This is often the case with arthritis, bone injuries and soft tissue injuries. This shoe can also stimulate hoof blood circulation by slightly compressing the frog with each step.

Commercial shoes with this design are available and I also fabricate heart bar shoes to custom fit a hoof.

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Both front hooves had repetive sole soreness which developed into Pedal Osteitis, a reactive inflamation of the Solar Margin of the Coffin Bone or Distal Phalanx and demineralizing of the bone margin. It was treated with an aluminum Heart Bar with mesh as an anchor for injectable urethane filler which protects, cushions and diminishes ground reactive forces. These photos show two stages of treatment.

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Z Bar Horseshoe

This horse was lame on the medial side of the hoof. There was significant scar tissue. The horse was trimmed to a normal axis, rolled toe, seated outside surface of shoe. Floated, non-weight bearing on medial side from toe quarter to heel. This relieved compression and created soundness.

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Bacterial/Fungal Infection
This horse was rescued from the devastration of Hurricane Katrina. This horse's hooves were exposed to a submerged environment for an extended period. The hooves suffered from both bacterial and fungal infections or Cutaneous Mycosis. In this condition the bulk of the hoof wall deteriorates quickly.

The hooves were trimmed and debrided, removing the infected area and exposing the healthy horn. The hooves were soaked in Clean Trax, a deep penetrating equine hoof cleaner.

This horse is presently on a scheduled maintenance program. The hooves are growing down nicely and the horse is free of infection and lameness.


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Thrush Infection

Street Worn & Neglected Hooves
This was a neglected horse in dire need of new shoes. The horse was on the edge of lameness but still remarkably sound. The existing steel shoe was paper thin and I reshod all hooves. This would have eventually resulted in a severe medical condition had there been no intervention.

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Thoroughbred Racehorse
This was a veterinarian lameness case referred from NY's famed Belmont Racetrack. The left section of the entire hoof wall had been previously removed, possibly due to avulsion or white line disease. The foot had been left unprotected and without support.

We elected to shoe the horse with an eggbar-type shoe, including a heartbar. The heartbar had glancing plate pressure and was secured with a goose neck ('T') and screws. I rebuilt the heel with fiberglass impregnated Equilox to equalize weight disctibution across the hoof circumference. The screws in the goose neck assist in stabilizing the shoe and replacing the lateral nails.

The horse was administered hoof stimulants and shod three times. Once the foot grew out and down he was able to resume training.

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Ibex Synthetic Horseshoe
This horse had intermittant bouts of lameness. The owner would have to ride one mile on a concrete road before entering a park. All hooves were shod with an all-terrain, aluminum core, urethane-coated horseshoe. The Ibex shoe will absorb absorb and eliminate deteriorating vibrations. The shoe has a rolled toe and wide web providing excellent hoof coverage, light weight and removeable tabs.

The hooves were trimmed and the shoe shaped over the anvil. The hoof and shoe tabs were sanded and cleaned. Glue is used to attach the shoe to the hoof. The glue cured in 10 minutes and the horse was able to return to work.

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Driving Horse
This was a Belgian draft driving horse that was very hoof sore and reluctant to move. It was formerly shod with steel Borium shoes. The lameness was caused by ground reactive forces from walking on concrete.

The horse was outfitted with a dampening polyurethane shoe on all four hooves. This shoe is manufactured by Remuda Tire Co. It features a steel shoe encapsulated in polyurethane and is specifically made for driving horses. The polyurethane dissipates the shock of of the horse's gait on concrete and offers comfort. The horse is now sound and enjoying his driving excursions.

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Jameg Nylon Horseshoe

This is a synthetic, dampening, protective show that is glued directly on the hoof with an Equilox acrylic adhesive. The shoe is first warmed with a heat gun and then shaped by hand to match the contour of the hoof. The hoof is trimmed in the conventional manner. The adhesive is applied to the shoe which is then attached to the hoof. The adhesive cures to weight-bearing condition in 10 -15 minutes. Shoe retention is 5 to 7 weeks.

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Club Foot

This is a pacer with a right front foot that is club-footed. It has a high degree of hoof wall to postern axis angle of approximately 60 degrees. I believe this was congenital rather than injury related.

He was shod with a wide web, set back shoe. Trimming and shoe placement was the key to long-term soundness for this horse. Holding a file next the hoof illustrates the 'dishing' of the hoof caused by a long toe with accompanied descending weight load over the hoof. This also creates resistance to normal breakover at the toe region.

Once shod properly, the distortion is removed and balance is restored.

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Heel Pain

This is a jumper with hind foot lameness. The horse suffered from an anatomy-related deficit. While standing he had a broken back angle and a long posterior, hyper- extended fetlock joint. He also had crushed heels, underrun hooves, thin soles and shelly walls. He was previously furnished with wedge degree pads, eggbar shoes and shod to the underrun heel length.

My immediate goal was to stabilize the hoof capsule and encourage hoof balance and symmetry. The hoof needed to be protected by trimming the excessive toe length and leaving sole depth. The horse was shod with wide web, perimeter fit shoe that was set back slightly. This extended the heel 1-1/2 times longer, shifting the balance fulcrum to the shoe and not for the foot to endure. The horse is now sound, jumping and being ridden daily.

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White Line Disease

This was a barefoot referral. The owner had reported that one front hoof had two small chips. When viewed from the bottom, there was a gaping hole. The gap would fill up with stabling and paddock debris and never grow down normally. The horse had been maintained for 1-1/2 years by someone who was not a farrier but had taken a two week course on Natural Hoof Trimming.

It was evident the horse had White Line Disease. This is a destructive fungal/bacterial condition. These pathogens are readily found in all horse environments.

The affected area of the hoof wall was removed. The horse was shod with a heart bar shoe and a cushioning leather pad, and the site was medically irrigated.

To correct this problem I removed the affected hoof and pared down to healthy hoof wall. I then soaked the hoof in disinfectant.

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The hoof was shod with a rolled toe, Heart Bar, egg bar shoe. One year after treatment the horse is fully recovered and free from disease.
I debrided the weakened area of the hoof wall. I filled the void with granulated copper sulphate impregnated impression material. The final patch utilizes Equilox to cover the entire area.

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White Line Disease and hoof wall distortion was undetected and not treated. Also, foot was unbalanced. Debrided infected area and applied thrush buster as drying agent and Heart Bar Egg Base shoe. Impression material was applied to sole and impregnated with copper sulphate as hoof packing.
The hoof was debrided, repaired and reshod. Punched toe nails. Note no nails in affected area.

Coming in from Winter Turnout

The owner declined on opting for Snowball Pads, until the horse came in from turnout like this daily.

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Popped/Capped Knee

This horse had acute inflammation or bruising to the knee joint, carpitis involving the tendon that runs over the front of the knee. This can be caused by repetitive blows to the knee as with a stall door kicker, or stress from overwork or from poor conformation.

I forged a Rocker Toe shoe which eases breakover and decreases fatigue and torque on the joints.

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Shod Short
This shoe lacks support for the foot and contributes to a shearing effect. The up arrow indicates where the shoe ends and where the end of the support of the horses weight ends.

Ideally, the shoe should have ended near the down arrow. As is, we have heel sore and a crushed heel capsule. Also, notice how Bulbs are being pushed out caudally.

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Shoeless Thoroughbred
This is a thin-walled, hind hoof from a thoroughbred. It was turned out in a large field with other horses. Notice how the hoof wall integrity was diminished.

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Coon Foot
Horses structure caused the fetlock to drop (hyperextend) or descend toward the ground at a trot. This horse was a prisoner of his own anatomy.

I shod one time with an elongated caudally extended egg bar with a rolled toe. The comfort was only temporary. This horse was justly retired to a warm climate. Happy trails!

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Cracked Shoe
Aluminum shoe was still affixed to the hoof tightly. They got their money's worth and more from these shoes. Fortunately the horse retained soundness during this interval.

Vertical refracting crack with scar tissue at coronary band. Not repairable, but manageable.

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This horse was not shod for about 12 weeks. The horse was properly shod and placed on a 6-7 week schedule.

Variety - from the large to the small.

Before and after.

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Neglected Hooves


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Neglected Hooves


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This was a rock in a hard place and was dislodged with one swift hammer blow.

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Reversed Natural Balance Shoe
This horse had prior bouts of laminitis and had a significant club foot. I applied a Natural Balance Aluminum Shoe, glued reversed, creating an open toe. The shoe was 1.5 x longer than existing foot. It was adhered with Equilox Acrylic and will pull hoof to encourage a greater circumference. Over the long term, repeating this procedure will increase the hoof size. Support is magnified as is structural integrity.

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Prior to trimming
This shows a shoe placed on the newly ground surface, close to internal breakover of coffin bone. This eases breakover with accompanied broad rolled toe.

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Reversed Shoe
Reversed shoe with a leather shim pad. This is a soft, pliable, forgiving pad. This horse had a prolapsed frog (the frog ground surface is lower than hoof wall). It exasperated ground forces, transmitting the pressure to the soft tissue and boney column. The pad and shoe eases ground reactive forces and eases breakover.

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Lateral Extension
Standard Bred Short posterior fracture. Shift to protect base of support by creating lateral extension. Notice left side of last picturenails are punched to the inside of shoe.

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Advanced Theraputic Acrylic Repair
Complete restoration of the hind lateral wall. Horse was unrideable and slightly lame. Upon completion the horse was sound and jumping.

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Horse suffered from inbalance due to structural deficiency, placing excessive weight on lateral wall. The hoof was debrided, cleaned repaired and reshod. The horse was then sound.

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Poorly Shod
Horizontal cracks caused severe traumatic insult to the hoof wall and migrated to sensitive connective tissue. Hoof was shod previously with a short shoe which lacked support. This exasperated soreness with additional torque placed on lateral trailer. Rebalanced hoof with a full-fitting shoe. Horizontal crack is now manageable and will growdownward, replaced with healthy horn above.

Farrier shod hinds with turn-down heels on a thin-walled horse. This caused compressed, sore heels. Reshod with wide wall shoes that were full fitting and protected heels.

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Ultimate Challenge
A veteranarian referral - Shows what can go wrong with a hoof and the discomfort and lameness it caused.

Left front, observe straight hairline across coronary bond.

Excessive heel growth, unattended trimming.

From apex of frog forward to toe. Excessive weight distribution, circumflex artery compressed.

Sole compensates, dropping down large toe callus.

Natural ballance aluminum show, reverse glued.

Protected lowered heel via trimming, open toe, non-weight bearing.

6 weeks after shoeing, shows redistribution of weight bearing, sole has improved, the callus is deminished, heel is lowered and expanded.

After 6 months care, symmetry of coronary band is restored.

Aluminum egg bar. Impresson material impregnated with granulated copper sulphate. Loading digital cushion.

Floating, non-weight bearing at apex forward.

Unmanageable Belgian Draft

Amish-built stockade..

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